Bali is an island located in the archipelago of Indonesia, a country containing 17,508 islands, of which 1,000 are inhabited. These islands have been created over hundreds of thousands of years by volcanic activity in what is known as the “ring of fire,” and most of the islands are or contain volcanoes. Bali is no exception to this, with four volcanoes of its own. The most popular ones are Mount Agung, on the east coast, and Mount Batur, which erupted only a few hundred years ago. The whole island is mountainous, with the highest elevations in the central and northern regions and the lowest elevations at the southern and coastal regions. The entire island of Bali is about 100 miles long and 50 miles wide, which doesn’t sound that big but it is a fairly large island. The lowest part of the island is a peninsula attached by a narrow strip of land. This peninsula is referred to as “the bukit” which translates to “the hill.”
A popular activity involving the Geography of Bali is to hike Mount Batur at sunrise. Tours typically leave from Ubud around 4 in the morning where a car drives you to the base of the mountain. Here you pay a guide around 400,000 rupiah ($45 USD) to take you on a hike to the peak just in time to see the beautiful sun rise over the more desert area of northeastern Bali. Although the guides aren’t cheap (in Bali terms), you MUST get a guide because these guys know the trails like the back of their hand. It is easy to get lost on the mountain or walk off a cliff in the dark before sunrise, so cut the risk and get the guide!